China's 142 Key Temples


The 142 Key Temples in the Han Area of China
(note that nothing from the far west is included)

After all the wonderful experiences I had following the Pilgrim's Paths in Japan, when I moved to China--the wellspring of Japanese Buddhism--I was hoping for more of the same. Alas, it was not to be.

There are four Buddhist mountains in China, but there is no traditional path linking them up. And though the mountains may be challenging, the number "four" is not.

Then, one day, I was reading Sun Shuyun's book about the Silk Road, entitled Ten Thousand Miles Without a Cloud, and I found what I sought: right there, on page 40, she wrote:
Buddhism was making a comeback in China. In the early 1980s the government had issued a decree allowing a limited revival of religion... The decree allowed for the 142 most important Buddhist monasteries damaged or destroyed in the Cultural Revolution to be restored or rebuilt.
I immediately began searching for this list. When I came up empty-handed, I wrote to knowledgeable friends, and by great good fortune one of them, Robert (who reads and writes fluent Chinese) found it--on Chinese Wikipedia! Apparently it's no secret in the Chinese-speaking world, but to my knowledge, my translation of the list was the first to bring the whole thing into English.

Please notice that these are 142 temples in the traditionally Han area of China; this excludes such "minority" areas as Tibet, Inner Mongolia, and the western provinces (Qinghai and Xinjiang).

I got Robert's letter on July 31, 2009, and less than three weeks later I took off for my first "official" visits (I had been to several temples on the list previously--and had lived in one of them for the better part of a year!)

Since then, I have visited 132 of the 142 temples on the list. Along the way, I also saw quite a few other temples, as well.

Here, then, is my list of the 142 temples, visited and not. (Locations for those that have not been visited are very approximate; others are just sort of approximate.) They are listed in the order given in the original list my friend found; I have added "my number" to indicate the order I visited them in. Be sure to see the note about Map vs Satellite view under "China" on the "My Maps" page.



The List:
  1. Guangji-si (广济寺) Beijing (map); visited Sunday, July 10, 2011; my #52
  2. Fayuan-si (法源寺) Beijing (map); visited Monday, July 11, 2011; my #53
  3. Foya Shili-ta at Lingguang-si (佛牙舍利塔灵光寺) Badachu Park, Beijing (map); visited Saturday, July 9, 2011; my #48
  4. Guanghua-si (广化寺) Beijing (map); visited Sunday, July 10, 2011; my #51
  5. Tongjiao-si (通教寺) Beijing (map); visited Sunday, July 10, 2011; my #49
  6. Yonghe-gong (雍和宫) Beijing (map); visited Tuesday, July 12, 2011; my #54
  7. Xihuang-si (西黄寺) Beijing (map); visited Sunday, July 10, 2011; my #50
  8. Dabei-yuan (大悲院) Tianjin (map); visited Wednesday, July 13, 2011; my #55
  9. Linji Ta-yuan (临济塔院) Zhengding, Shijiazhuang, Hebei (map); visited Tuesday, August 30, 2011; my #63
  10. Puning-si (普宁寺) Chengde, Hebei (map); visited Sunday, August 28, 2011; my #62
  11. Chongshan-si (崇善寺) Taiyuan, Shanxi (map); visited Friday, August 31, 2012; my #132
  12. Shang Huayan-si (上华严寺) Datong, Shanxi (map); visited Wednesday, August 22, 2012; my #119
  13. Xuanzhong-si (玄中寺) Jiaochengxian, Shanxi (map); visited Tuesday, August 30, 2012; my #131
  14. Xiantong-si (显通寺) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Saturday, August 27, 2012; my #128
  15. Tayuan-si (塔院寺) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Saturday, August 27, 2012; my #129
  16. Pusa-ding (菩萨顶) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Saturday, August 27, 2012; my #127
  17. Shuxiang-si (殊像寺) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Sunday, August 28, 2012; my #130
  18. Luohou-si (罗喉寺) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Saturday, August 27, 2012; my #125
  19. Jinge-si (金阁寺) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Thursday, August 25, 2012; my #120
  20. Guangzong-si (广宗寺) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Saturday, August 27, 2012; my #126
  21. Bishan-si (碧山寺) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Thursday, August 25, 2012; my #122
  22. Shifang-tang (十方堂) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Saturday, August 27, 2012; my #124
  23. Dailuo-ding (黛螺顶) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Friday, August 26, 2012; my #123
  24. Guanyin-dong (观音洞) Wutaishan, Shanxi (map); visited Thursday, August 25, 2012; my #121
  25. Boruo-si (般若寺) Shenyang, Liaoning (map); visited Saturday, August 27, 2011; my #60
  26. Ci'en-si (慈恩寺) Shenyang, Liaoning (map); visited Saturday, August 27, 2011; my #61
  27. Boruo-si (般若寺) Changchun, Jilin (map); visited Thursday, August 25, 2011; my #58
  28. Dizang-si (地藏寺) Changchun, Jilin (map); visited Thursday, August 25, 2011; my #57
  29. Guanyin Gu-cha (观音古刹) Jilin, Jilin (map); visited Friday, August 26, 2011; my #59
  30. Jile-si (极乐寺) Harbin, Heilongjiang (map); visited Thursday, August 25, 2011; my #56
  31. Yufo-si (玉佛寺) Shanghai (map); visited Wednesday, August 26, 2009; my #13
  32. Jing'an-si (静安寺) Shanghai (map); visited Wednesday, August 26, 2009; my #12
  33. Longhua-si (龙华寺) Shanghai (map); visited Tuesday, August 25, 2009; my #10
  34. Chenxiang-ge (沉香阁) Shanghai (map); visited Tuesday, August 25, 2009; my #9
  35. Yuanming Jiang-tang (圆明讲堂) Shanghai (map); visited Tuesday, August 25, 2009; my #11
  36. Linggu-si (灵谷寺) Nanjing, Jiangsu (map); visited Friday, July 23, 2010; my #27
  37. Qixia-si (栖霞寺) Nanjing, Jiangsu (map); visited Thursday, July 22, 2010; my #26
  38. Xiyuan Jiechuang-si (西园戒幢寺) Suzhou, Jiangsu (map); visited Wednesday, July 28, 2010; my #35
  39. Hanshan-si (寒山寺) Suzhou, Jiangsu (map); visited Thursday, July 29, 2010; my #38
  40. Lingyanshan-si (灵岩山寺) Suzhou, Jiangsu (map); visited Thursday, July 29, 2010; my #37
  41. Jinshan Jiangtian-si (金山江天寺) Zhenjiang, Jiangsu (map); visited Friday, July 23, 2010; my #28
  42. Jiaoshan Dinghui-si (焦山定慧寺) Zhenjiang, Jiangsu (map); visited Saturday, July 24, 2010; my #30
  43. Tianning-si (天宁寺) Changzhou, Jiangsu (map); visited Monday, July 26, 2010; my #33
  44. Yushan Xingfu-si (虞山兴福寺) Changshu, Jiangsu (map); visited Wednesday, July 28, 2010; my #36
  45. Guangjiao-si (广教寺) Nantong, Jiangsu (map); visited Tuesday, July 27, 2010; my #34
  46. Daming-si (大明寺) Yangzhou, Jiangsu (map); visited Monday, July 26, 2010; my #32
  47. Gaomin-si (高旻寺) Yangzhou, Jiangsu (map); visited Sunday, July 25, 2010; my #31
  48. Longchang-si (隆昌寺) Jurong, Jiangsu (map); visited Saturday, July 24, 2010; my #29
  49. Lingyin-si (灵隐寺) Hangzhou, Zhejiang (map); visited Tuesday, August 18, 2009; my #1
  50. Jingci-si (净慈寺) Hangzhou, Zhejiang (map); visited Tuesday, August 18, 2009; my #2
  51. Qita-si (七塔寺) Ningbo, Zhejiang (map); visited Sunday, August 23, 2009; my #8
  52. Tiantong-si (天童寺) Ningbo, Zhejiang (map); visited Saturday, August 22, 2009; my #6
  53. Ayuwang-si (阿育王寺) Ningbo, Zhejiang (map); visited Saturday, August 22, 2009; my #7
  54. Dafo-si (大佛寺) Xinchang, Shaoxing, Zhejiang (map); visited Monday, September 12, 2011; my #65
  55. Puji-si (普济寺) Putuo Shan, Zhejiang (map); visited Friday, August 21, 2009; my #4
  56. Fayu-si (法雨寺) Putuo Shan, Zhejiang (map); visited Friday, August 21, 2009; my #5
  57. Huiji-si (慧济寺) Putuo Shan, Zhejiang (map); visited Thursday, August 20, 2009; my #3
  58. Guoqing-si (国清寺) Tiantai, Taizhou, Zhejiang (map); visited Tuesday, September 13, 2011; my #66
  59. Gaoming-si (高明寺) Tiantai, Taizhou, Zhejiang (map); visited Thursday, September 15, 2011; my #68
  60. Fangguang-si (方广寺) Tiantai, Taizhou, Zhejiang (map); visited Wednesday, September 14, 2011; my #67
  61. Jiangxin-si (江心寺) Wenzhou, Zhejiang (map); visited Friday, September 16, 2011; my #69
  62. Mingjiao-si (明教寺) Hefei, Anhui (map); visited Wednesday, July 21, 2010; my #24
  63. Yingjiang-si (迎江寺) Anqing, Anhui (map); visited Monday, June 25, 2012; my #100
  64. Qianyuan Chan-si (乾元禅寺) Qianshan Xian, Anqing, Anhui (map); visited Tuesday, June 26, 2012; my #101
  65. Langya-si (琅琊寺) Chuzhou, Anhui (map); visited Thursday, July 22, 2010; my #25
  66. Guangji-si (广济寺) Wuhu, Anhui (map); visited Wednesday, July 21, 2010; my #23
  67. Huacheng-si (化城寺) Jiuhua Shan, Anhui (map); visited Saturday, June 23, 2012; my #97
  68. Roushen-dian (肉身殿) Jiuhua Shan, Anhui (map); visited Friday, June 22, 2012; my #93
  69. Baisui-gong (百岁宫) Jiuhua Shan, Anhui (map); visited Saturday, June 23, 2012; my #96
  70. Ganlu-si (甘露寺) Jiuhua Shan, Anhui (map); visited Sunday, June 24, 2012; my #99
  71. Zhiyuan-si (祗园寺) Jiuhua Shan, Anhui (map); visited Sunday, June 24, 2012; my #98
  72. Tiantai-si (天台寺) Jiuhua Shan, Anhui (map); visited Thursday, June 21, 2012; my #91
  73. Zhantan-lin (旃檀林) Jiuhua Shan, Anhui (map); visited Saturday, June 23, 2012; my #95
  74. Huiju-si (慧居寺) Jiuhua Shan, Anhui (map); visited Thursday, June 21, 2012; my #92
  75. Shang Chan-tang (上禅堂) Jiuhua Shan, Anhui (map); visited Friday, June 22, 2012; my #94
  76. Yongquan-si (涌泉寺) Fuzhou, Fujian (map); visited Wednesday, October 26, 2011; my #75
  77. Xichan-si (西禅寺) Fuzhou, Fujian (map); visited Monday, October 24, 2011; my #73
  78. Linyang-si (林阳寺) Fuzhou, Fujian (map); visited Monday, October 24, 2011; my #72
  79. Dizang-si (地藏寺) Fuzhou, Fujian (map); visited Saturday, October 22, 2011; my #70
  80. Xuefeng Chongsheng-si (雪峰崇圣寺) Minhou Xian, Fujian (map); visited Sunday, October 23, 2011; my #71
  81. Nanputuo-si (南普陀寺) Xiamen, Fujian (map); visited Tuesday, January 17, 2012; my #82
  82. Guanghua-si (广化寺) Putian, Fujian (map); visited Friday, October 28, 2011; my #78
  83. Nangshan Cishou-si (囊山慈寿寺) Putian, Fujian (map); visited Friday, October 28, 2011; my #77
  84. Guangxiao-si (光孝寺) Putian, Fujian (map); visited Friday, October 28, 2011; my #79
  85. Wanfu-si (万福寺) Fuqing, Fujian (map); visited Thursday, October 27, 2011; my #76
  86. Kaiyuan-si (开元寺) Quanzhou, Fujian (map); visited Wednesday, January 18, 2012; my #83
  87. Longshan-si (龙山寺) Jinjiang, Fujian (map); visited Wednesday, January 18, 2012; my #84
  88. Nanshan-si (南山寺) Zhangzhou, Fujian (map); visited Thursday, January 19, 2012; my #85
  89. Zhiti Huayan-si (支提华严寺) Ningde, Fujian (map); visited Tuesday, October 25, 2011; my #74
  90. Nengren-si (能仁寺) Jiujiang, Jiangxi (map); visited Wednesday, August 8, 2012; my #109
  91. Donglin-si (东林寺) Jiujiang, Jiangxi (map); visited Wednesday, August 8, 2012; my #110
  92. Zhenru-si (真如寺) Yongxiu, Jiujiang, Jiangxi (map); visited Friday, August 10, 2012; my #111
  93. Jingju-si (净居寺) Ji'an, Jiangxi (map); visited Saturday, August 11, 2012; my #112
  94. Xingguo Chan-si (兴国禅寺) Jinan, Shandong (map); visited Monday, April 5, 2010; my #18
  95. Zhanshan-si (湛山寺) Qingdao, Shandong (map); visited Wednesday, August 31, 2011; my #64
  96. Baima-si (白马寺) Luoyang, Henan (map); visited Tuesday, November 1, 2011; my #80
  97. Shaolin-si (少林寺) Dengfeng, Henan (map); visited Thursday, November 3, 2011; my #81
  98. Guiyuan-si (归元寺) Wuhan, Hubei (map); visited Saturday, August 4, 2012; my #105
  99. Baotong-si (宝通寺) Wuhan, Hubei (map); visited Saturday, August 4, 2012; my #106
  100. Wuzu-si (五祖寺) Huangmei, Huanggang, Hubei (map); visited Tuesday, August 7, 2012; my #108
  101. Yuquan-si (玉泉寺) Dangyang, Hubei (map); visited Sunday, August 5, 2012; my #107
  102. Lushan-si (麓山寺) Changsha, Hunan (map); visited Monday, August 13, 2012; my #114
  103. Kaifu-si (开福寺) Changsha, Hunan (map); visited Sunday, August 12, 2012; my #113
  104. Zhusheng-si (祝圣寺) Nanyue, Hunan (map); visited Wednesday, August 15, 2012; my #118
  105. Fuyan-si (福严寺) Nanyue, Hunan (map); visited Tuesday, August 14, 2012; my #117
  106. Nantai-si (南台寺) Nanyue, Hunan (map); visited Tuesday, August 14, 2012; my #116
  107. Shangfeng-si (上封寺) Nanyue, Hunan (map); visited Tuesday, August 14, 2012; my #115
  108. Liurong-si (六榕寺) Guangzhou, Guangdong (map); visited Friday, November 19, 2010; my #44
  109. Nanhua-si (南华寺) Shaoguan, Guangdong (map); visited Tuesday, July 24, 2012; my #103
  110. Yunmen-si (云门寺) Ruyuan, Shaoguan, Guangdong (map); visited Monday, July 23, 2012; my #102
  111. Qingyun-si (庆云寺) Zhaoqing, Guangdong (map); visited Saturday, July 28, 2012; my #104
  112. Lingshan-si (灵山寺) Shantou, Chaoyangqu, Guangdong (map); visited Saturday, January 21, 2012; my #86
  113. Kaiyuan-si (开元寺) Chaozhou, Guangdong (map); visited Sunday, January 22, 2012; my #87
  114. Xishi-an (洗石庵) (map); not yet visited
  115. Luohan-si (罗汉寺) Chongqing (map); visited Thursday, June 14, 2012; my #88
  116. Ciyun-si (慈云寺) Chongqing (map); visited Thursday, June 14, 2012; my #89
  117. Shuanggui-tang (双桂堂) Liangping Xian, Chongqing (map); visited Friday, June 15, 2012; my #90
  118. Zhaojue-si (昭觉寺) Chengdu, Sichuan (map); visited Saturday, May 15, 2010; my #20
  119. Wenshu-yuan (文殊院) Chengdu, Sichuan (map); visited Saturday, May 15, 2010; my #19
  120. Baoguang-si (宝光寺) Chengdu, Sichuan (map); visited Monday, May 17, 2010; my #22
  121. Wuyou-si (乌尤寺) Leshan, Sichuan (map); visited Sunday, May 16, 2010; my #21
  122. Baoguo-si (报国寺 ) Emei Shan, Sichuan (map); not yet visited
  123. Wannian-si (万年寺 ) Emei Shan, Sichuan (map); not yet visited
  124. Hongchun-ping (洪椿坪) Emei Shan, Sichuan (map); not yet visited
  125. Xixiang-chi (洗象池) Emei Shan, Sichuan (map); not yet visited
  126. Jin-ding (金顶) Emei Shan, Sichuan (map); not yet visited
  127. Hongfu-si (宏福寺) Guiyang, Guizhou (map); not yet visited
  128. Qianming-si (黔明寺) Guiyang, Guizhou (map); not yet visited
  129. Yuantong-si (圆通寺) Kunming, Yunnan (map); visited Monday, June 6, 2011; my #47
  130. Qiongzhu-si (筇竹寺) Kunming, Yunnan (map); visited Saturday, June 4, 2011; my #45
  131. Huating-si (华亭寺) Kunming, Yunnan (map); visited Sunday, June 5, 2011; my #46
  132. Zhusheng-si (祝圣寺) Binchuanxian, Jizushan, Yunnan (map); not yet visited
  133. Tongwa-dian (铜瓦殿) Binchuanxian, Jizushan, Yunnan (map); not yet visited
  134. Daci'en-si (大慈恩寺) Xi'an, Shaanxi (map); visited Tuesday, September 1, 2009; my #17
  135. Daxingshan-si (大兴善寺) Xi'an, Shaanxi (map); visited Tuesday, September 1, 2009; my #16
  136. Wolong-si (卧龙寺) Xi'an, Shaanxi (map); visited Monday, August 31, 2009; my #15
  137. Guangren-si (广仁寺) Xi'an, Shaanxi (map); visited Monday, August 31, 2009; my #14
  138. Xingjiao-si (兴教寺) Xi'an, Shaanxi (map); visited Thursday, October 14, 2010; my #39
  139. Xiangji-si (香积寺) Xi'an, Shaanxi (map); visited Saturday, October 16, 2010; my #42
  140. Jingye-si (净业寺) Xi'an, Shaanxi (map); visited Friday, October 15, 2010; my #40
  141. Caotang-si (草堂寺) Xi'an, Shaanxi (map); visited Friday, October 15, 2010; my #41
  142. Haibaota-si (海宝塔寺) Yinchuan, Ningxia (map); visited Tuesday, October 19, 2010; my #43



Google Map:

Controls:
  • Use + /- or mouse wheel to zoom in and out.
  • Click to close the hand to move around.
  • (The two functions above are accomplished with two fingers on mobile devices.)
  • Click the square-with-arrow on the left to open or close the index of sites. (Works better if you zoom in first.)
  • Click the three-dot thingy in the upper right to share the map with others.
  • Click the "four corners" in the upper right to go to the full map.



Last updated July 21, 2019

No comments:

Post a Comment